Session 13 - Development is Required


Mutual guarantee is that network between us, which connects all of us throughout the world. It was discovered many years ago when the Club of Rome reported it in the 1960s. Scientists began to talk about it in the early 20th century, saying that we are all connected through something called "noosphere." Since then, there have been many research studies about it.

The mutual guarantee is that network that was discovered, which interconnects us all together, and doesn't allow us to escape. If we want to break away from it, we might induce the eruption of wars on a global scale, after which the suffering and troubles will still force us to forge mutual connections and to make mutual concessions, meaning the mutual guarantee and mutual love of one another.

It can also be said that people thought about this in the past, as well. Utopians wrote about these concepts 500 years ago, and one hundred years ago or so, communists also believed in this. While these realizations are all true, what it is that we need to understand is that never in history has mutual guarantee been as mandatory as it is today, because now we have evolved to a stage in our development that simply necessitates it.

Previously there were merely individuals who thought that mutual guarantee was necessary, and that humanity would eventually come to it, as well. As an example, Thomas Mann saw it 100 years ago, and at that time there were also other communists in Russia and in other countries who realized this too, but all in all, those who understood mutual guarantee were still quite few. The mass populations never sincerely went along with these ideologies. While these brilliant few utopian thinkers predicted the need of humanity to abide by the natural laws of mutual guarantee many years ahead of time, their ultimate mistake was in thinking that they could implement mutual guarantee in humanity immediately, before they were ready for it.

The reason we are beginning to talk about this topic at this point in human history is that today the crisis is multifaceted, and it points precisely to what we are all lacking—this lack of mutual guarantee between us. In other words, we are not talking about this because it just happened to have crossed our minds, and we suddenly think it would be nice to actualize it, but rather, it is because now Nature is compelling us to implement it, since we have arrived at precisely the appropriate evolutionary stage in our development. Thus now, the mutual guarantee is necessitated by nature, because of our natural evolutionary development.


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We have reached a stage in our natural development in which mutual guarantee is already required.

Main Points

  • The mutual guarantee is a network of interconnections that is impossible for us to escape.
  • For the first time in human history, the interconnections required in the mutual guarantee between us are obligatory from the point of view of our development.


"This cyclic evolutionary process of maturation can be seen in the way hostile, competitive ancient bacteria evolved peaceful collaboration that gave rise to larger and more complex nucleated cells through a cooperative division of labor. All fungi, plants and animals, including humans, are made from these cell cooperatives, which themselves went through the process of hostile competition for resources before evolving into multi-celled creatures by the same process of learning collaborative division of labor. That very same evolutionary cycle is now driving our competitive human nations to collaborate as one global family."

Lead article in Soka Gakkai International Quarterly, Sprng 2006 Global Family: The True Evolutionary Mandate of Globalization

"The resources needed to sustain mankind's tenancy on Earth are present and available. How they will be used will determine the future insofar as that future may be shaped by human minds and hands."

From Perspectives: Indiana University's School of Public and Environmental Affairs - A series of lectures and papers addressing critical topics in public policy and the environmental sciences. "Is Humanity Destined to Self-Destruct?" - Part 6: Choice or Necessity?

"Rather I am asserting that wherever and however life and intelligence may exist elsewhere in the cosmos, it will have originated and evolved from a universally shared substrate: the chemical elements of the periodic table and the basic forces and parameters of physics. As far as anyone can tell, these elements, forces and parameters appear invariant throughout the visible universe. They can be thought of as a kind of "deep DNA"—a universal genetic code inscribed far below the level of terrestrial genomes. At this fundamental level, everyone and everything that exists in the universe, whether animate or inanimate, is intimately related. And because all of this living and not-yet-living stuff owes its ultimate origin to a common genesis event (the Big Bang), we are all related in a family way."

Book Excerpt: "The Intelligent Universe"

"The average adult human's brain weighs about 1.3 kilograms, has 100 billion or so neurons, and sucks up 20% of the oxygen we breathe. It's much bigger than an animal our size needs. According to a new computer model, the brains of humans and related primates are so large because we evolved to be social creatures. If we didn't play well with others, our brains would be puny. ... 'As you transition towards a more cooperative society, that's where you get the maximum selection for big brains,' McNally says. Bigger brains did better as cooperation increased. That meant they got to reproduce more, which meant more brains had the capacity to cooperate with others. 'It's a simultaneous process—as cooperation is increasing, there is more selection for intelligence,' McNally says. Obviously, these tiny brainlike computer entities aren't doing anything remotely as complicated as what a primate brain does. But since the only choice was whether to cooperate, the results suggest that the mere existence of cooperation is enough to make brains evolve to be more complex, the team reports online today in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B."

Science Magazine Article: "Teamwork Builds Big Brains"

Engage Yourself

Question 1: "Noosphere" is not a new term; the first to coin it (in the 20's of the 20th century) was a Russian biochemist by the name of Vladimir Vernadsky.  According to Vernadsky the noosphere is the collective human consciousness that has it in its power to change the two other collective systems in the universe: the geosphere (the system of inanimate matter) and the biosphere (the system of living matter).  According to Vernadsky, just as the appearance of the biosphere changed the geosphere in an essential manner, so the noosphere will change the two other systems.

The lawfulness upon which physics is based is familiar to us.  A new experiment that was conducted in recent years by Dr. Roger Nelson, in the laboratories of Princeton University in the United States, was done to shed new light on the possibility of establishing a global consciousness – a noosphere.  Here is a short and fascinating clip that describes the research of Nelson. [link to video here, if needed.]

Write in your own words about what is the connection between the idea of the existence of the noosphere, and the things that we learned in this learning session?

Question 2: What does the present crisis indicate?

Question 3: According to the transcript text of the lesson, is it possible to flee from mutual guarantee?

Question 4: Please summarize this learning session in a few words. (You can be helped by using a song, a picture, or simply describe it in your own words.)

Question 5: What is the essential message with which you can leave this lesson, and how can you make practical use of it in your life?